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Synopsis: Seven randomized controlled trials were included in this meta-analysis evaluating the efficacy of corticosteroid injections in the treatment of enthesopathy of the extensor carpi radialis brevis origin.Included RCTs featured local anesthetic or placebo saline injections as a control.Results demonstrated significantly lower pain at 1 month with corticosteroid versus control injections, but no significant difference at 3 and 6 months. Functional scores and... Read More »
Author verified Level 1 Meta Analysis
3%
Synopsis: 72 patients with knee osteoarthritis were randomized to intraarticular injection with either 40mg methylprednisolone or 30m ketorolac.Patients were assessed for improvement over 6-week follow-up in numeric rating scale (NRS) pain scores, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and the Oxford Knee Score (OKS).Results demonstrated significant significant within-group improvement in both groups for NRS pain score and WOMAC scores. However, for OKS... Read More »
Conference Report
3%
Synopsis: 220 patients with isolated pertrochanteric femoral fractures were randomized to receive surgical intervention with a short or long cephalomedullary nail.Primary outcomes of interest included the Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire and the Harris Hip Score.Secondary outcomes of interest included implant failure, peri-implant failure, mortality, operative time, estimated blood loss and the incidence of re-operation.Outcomes were assessed up to 12 months post-operation.Results revealed significantly favourable 3 month Harris Hip scores, lower operative time and lower estimated blood loss in the short nail group compared to the long nail group. No significant differences... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 70 sedentary females with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) were randomized to one of three groups: no treatment, knee exercise, or a combination of knee and hip exercise group for a period of 1 month to determine the influence of strengthening the hip abductors and lateral rotators on pain and function. After a month of strengthening, both the exercise groups showed a significant improvement in pain and function associated with PFPS, compared to the non-exercise group of patients. Read More »
Level 2 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 89 patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome were randomized to receive one of three treatments to assess the efficacy of hip adduction exercise in this population.The first group underwent a hip adduction and leg press exercise program, the second group underwent just a leg press exercise program, and the third group received no exercise training.The results from this study, taken over 8 weeks, indicated that both exercise groups demonstrated significant improvements in pain scores and quadriceps leg muscle girth. These findings also... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 36 patients with tibiofemoral osteoarthritis were randomized into three groups to assess the efficacy and compare transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in combination with therapeutic exercise to a placebo and control group.TENS treatment has been proposed to improve muscle activation which could provide benefits for this population which often suffers from quadriceps activation failure. The results from... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 178 subjects were randomized to one of two treatment groups or a control group.One group received custom-made in-shoe orthoses, the second group received ready-made in-shoe orthoses, and the third group did not receive any orthoses (control).Outcomes of pain, gross motor skills, exercise efficiency and self-perception were examined.Results from this study did not provide evidence to justify in-shoe orthoses for the management of flexible excess foot pronation in children ages 7-11. No significant differences... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 45 male subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) were randomized to one of two exercise programs, or no treatment.One group received non-weight-bearing single-joint quadriceps exercise (SJNWBE), one group received weight-bearing multiplejoint quadriceps exercise (MJWBE), and the last group received no exercise prescription. Results showed that... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 63 patients, over the age of 50, suffering from both rotator cuff injuries and type II SLAP lesions were randomized to undergo repair of both injuries or only the rotator cuff repair. Results, following a minimum follow-up of 2.9 years, indicated that patients who underwent repair of only the rotator cuff had significantly better UCLA scores and ROM. Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 44 patients with stage II shoulder adhesive capsulitis were randomized to receive either manipulation with arthroscopic arthrolysis or intra-articular steroid injection.The results from final follow-up analysis indicate that both treatments provide significant improvements in shoulder range of motion and in all clinical scores when compared to baseline measures. These improvements were... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT