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PeerView

You are viewing the most viewed ACE Reports by Physiotherapists over the last 30 days in all specialties.

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12%
Synopsis: Twenty-four patients with hamstring shortness were randomized to receive either a self-myofascial release program with a foam roller (n=12) or no intervention (control) (n=12).The primary outcome of this trial was to determine the effect of using a foam roller on the isokinetic hamstring-to-quadriceps strength ratio and range of motion after 8 weeks.The results of this trial showed significant improvements in the range of motion in the foam roller group at 8 weeks when compared to the control group. No significant differences... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
6%
Synopsis: One hundred and seven patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis were randomized to receive unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA; n=57) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA; n=50).The primary outcomes of this trial were to assess patient-reported outcomes such as Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Joint Replacement (KOOS, JR), Knee Society Score (KSS), Forgotten Joint Score (FJS), range of motion (ROM), and VR-12 global health scores at 6 weeks and 6 months follow-up.Radiographic and surgical complications were also recorded.The results of this trial showed no significant differences in KOOS, JR, KSS, and FJS at 6 weeks and 6 months follow-up. Significant differences were... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
3%
Synopsis: Thirty-seven patients with 5th metacarpal neck fractures were randomized to receive elastic bandaging with early protective movement (n=16) or splinting (n=21).The outcomes of interest included the Brief Michigan Hand Questionnaire (bMHQ) and grip strength, as well as cost of intervention.Outcomes were assessed up to 12 weeks follow-up.No significant differences were observed between the two groups in both bMHQ scores and grip strength.The cost of intervention per patient was 0.50$ in the elastic bandaging group vs. 3.98$ in the... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
3%
Synopsis: One hundred and seventy-five patients with neck pain were randomized to receive either electroacupuncture (n=35) or one of 4 types of sham acupuncture: shallow puncture (n=35), non-acupoint deep puncture (n=35), non-acupoint shallow puncture (n=35), or non-penetration acupuncture (n=35).The primary outcome was the Northwick Park Neck Pain Questionnaire (NPQ).The results of this trial showed significant improvements in NPQ scores after 5 and 10 electroacupuncture treatments, and after 1 month when compared to baseline in the electroacupuncture, shallow puncture, nonacupoint puncture, and non-penetration acupuncture groups.Placebo response was dependent on the puncture location and the depth of the needle insertion. Nonacupoint deep puncture... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
3%
Synopsis: One hundred and thirty-six patients with psoriatic arthritis and hand arthritis were randomized to receive either synthetic cannabidiol as an add-on to conventional pain management (n=70) or conventional pain management (n=66).The primary outcome of this trial was to determine the pain intensity using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) after 12 weeks of treatment.Other outcomes such as Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HADS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index, and Stanford Expectation of Treatment Scale were recorded. The results of... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
3%
Synopsis: Twenty healthy men were randomized to receive 6 weeks of rotator cuff physical exercise using a hybrid training system employing neuromuscular electrical nerve stimulation to resist motion (n=10) or an elastic band (n=10).Outcomes of interest include isokinetic concentric external rotator muscle strength at angular velocities of 60deg/s and 180deg/s, and isokinetic eccentric external rotator muscle strength at an angular velocity of 80deg/s, measured upon completion of the intervention.Results revealed significantly greater increase in the concentric 180deg/s and eccentric 60deg/s outcomes in the hybrid training system group vs. the elastic band... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
2%
Synopsis: Sixty patients with myofascial pain syndrome were randomized to receive repeated trapezius muscle injections (TMI, n=30) or a TMI followed by an erector spinae plane block (ESPB).The primary outcome of interest was pain measured with a visual analogue scale.In both groups, the VAS scores decreased significantly from baseline. The combined TMI... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
2%
Synopsis: One hundred and three patients with chronic lateral ankle instability and osteochondral lesions of the talus were randomized to receive an arthroscopic microfracture surgery plus a modified Brostrom-Gould procedure at the same time (single-stage; n=52) or after 4-6 months of rehabilitation training (staged; n=51).The primary outcome of interest was the Karlsson-Peterson ankle function scale.Secondary outcomes included the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) score.Outcomes were assessed at a minimum 24 months post-operation.Result found Karlsson-Peterson scores single-stage group to be non-inferior to staged group. Moreover, AOFAS scores... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
2%
Synopsis: Two hundred patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee were randomized to receive either Thai medicinal plant-4 (TMP-4) cream (n=100) or diclofenac gel (n=99).Outcomes that were assessed in this trial were Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores for knee pain and stiffness, 10-step stair climb test, timed up and go, and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) at 2 and 4 weeks. The results of... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
2%
Synopsis: One hundred and twenty patients with lumbar facet joint syndrome due to osteoarthritis were randomized to receive an ultrasound-guided intra-articular injection of methylene blue (n=60) or diprospan (n=60).The primary outcome of interest was pain on a Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), measured up to 6 months post-operation.Secondary outcomes of interest included lumbar function, sleep quality, depression severity, treatment efficacy, post-operative analgesic consumption, and the incidence of complications.Results revealed significantly lower pain scores, better lumbar function and sleep quality, lower depression severity, and a lower incidence of hyperglycemia with methylene blue injection vs. Read More »
Level 1 RCT