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PeerView

You are viewing the most viewed ACE Reports by Physiotherapists over the last 30 days in all specialties.

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Synopsis: Twenty-four patients with hamstring shortness were randomized to receive either a self-myofascial release program with a foam roller (n=12) or no intervention (control) (n=12).The primary outcome of this trial was to determine the effect of using a foam roller on the isokinetic hamstring-to-quadriceps strength ratio and range of motion after 8 weeks.The results of this trial showed significant improvements in the range of motion in the foam roller group at 8 weeks when compared to the control group. No significant differences... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
5%
Synopsis: One hundred and seven patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis were randomized to receive unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA; n=57) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA; n=50).The primary outcomes of this trial were to assess patient-reported outcomes such as Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Joint Replacement (KOOS, JR), Knee Society Score (KSS), Forgotten Joint Score (FJS), range of motion (ROM), and VR-12 global health scores at 6 weeks and 6 months follow-up.Radiographic and surgical complications were also recorded.The results of this trial showed no significant differences in KOOS, JR, KSS, and FJS at 6 weeks and 6 months follow-up. Significant differences were... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
4%
Synopsis: One hundred and thirty-six patients with psoriatic arthritis and hand arthritis were randomized to receive either synthetic cannabidiol as an add-on to conventional pain management (n=70) or conventional pain management (n=66).The primary outcome of this trial was to determine the pain intensity using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) after 12 weeks of treatment.Other outcomes such as Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HADS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index, and Stanford Expectation of Treatment Scale were recorded. The results of... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
3%
Synopsis: Thirty-six patients with coccydynia were randomized to receive either extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) (n=18) or corticosteroid injections (n=18).The primary outcome of this trial was to assess pain scores using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) at baseline, 1 week, 1, 2, and 6 months.The secondary outcomes of this trial were to compare the quality of life using the short-form health survey (SF-36) and functional disability using the Dallas Pain Questionnaire (DPQ). The results of... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
3%
Synopsis: One hundred and seventy-five patients with neck pain were randomized to receive either electroacupuncture (n=35) or one of 4 types of sham acupuncture: shallow puncture (n=35), non-acupoint deep puncture (n=35), non-acupoint shallow puncture (n=35), or non-penetration acupuncture (n=35).The primary outcome was the Northwick Park Neck Pain Questionnaire (NPQ).The results of this trial showed significant improvements in NPQ scores after 5 and 10 electroacupuncture treatments, and after 1 month when compared to baseline in the electroacupuncture, shallow puncture, nonacupoint puncture, and non-penetration acupuncture groups.Placebo response was dependent on the puncture location and the depth of the needle insertion. Nonacupoint deep puncture... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
2%
Synopsis: Sixty patients with myofascial pain syndrome were randomized to receive repeated trapezius muscle injections (TMI, n=30) or a TMI followed by an erector spinae plane block (ESPB).The primary outcome of interest was pain measured with a visual analogue scale.In both groups, the VAS scores decreased significantly from baseline. The combined TMI... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
2%
Synopsis: Sixty patients recovering from tibial plateau fracture surgery were randomized to receive conventional physical therapy plus the prolonged use of a continuous passive motion device (n=30) or conventional physical therapy alone (n=30).The primary outcome of interest was range of motion of the knee.Secondary outcomes of interest included knee function and quality of life measured using the Knee Society Score (KSS), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), the Euro-QoL questionnaire, (EQ-5D), and the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score. Results revealed significantly... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
2%
Synopsis: Two hundred patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee were randomized to receive either Thai medicinal plant-4 (TMP-4) cream (n=100) or diclofenac gel (n=99).Outcomes that were assessed in this trial were Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores for knee pain and stiffness, 10-step stair climb test, timed up and go, and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) at 2 and 4 weeks. The results of... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
2%
Synopsis: A meta-analysis of 13 trials and 1895 patients comparing patellar denervation to no denervation during total knee arthroplasty was performed.The primary outcomes of interest was the incidence of anterior knee pain.Secondary outcomes of interest were the American Knee Society Function Score, range of motion, patellar feller score, Oxford Knee score (OKS) and complications.The patellar denervation group demonstrated a significantly reduced incidence of anterior knee pain at all time points. No differences in... Read More »
Level 1 Meta Analysis
2%
Synopsis: Twenty healthy men were randomized to receive 6 weeks of rotator cuff physical exercise using a hybrid training system employing neuromuscular electrical nerve stimulation to resist motion (n=10) or an elastic band (n=10).Outcomes of interest include isokinetic concentric external rotator muscle strength at angular velocities of 60deg/s and 180deg/s, and isokinetic eccentric external rotator muscle strength at an angular velocity of 80deg/s, measured upon completion of the intervention.Results revealed significantly greater increase in the concentric 180deg/s and eccentric 60deg/s outcomes in the hybrid training system group vs. the elastic band... Read More »
Level 1 RCT