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You are viewing the most viewed ACE Reports by Physiotherapists over the last 30 days in all specialties.

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Synopsis: 60 patients with knee osteoarthritis were randomized to receive a posterior cruciate ligament-retaining prosthesis or a posterior cruciate ligament-sacrificing prosthesis to examine differences in coronal laxity. The results of the study suggest that coronal laxity does not change over time and that the posterior cruciate ligament does not affect coronal stability during varus-valgus stress, as there were no significant differences in varus and valgus laxities between the two prostheses. Read More »
Level 2 RCT
8%
Synopsis: 85 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) were randomized to receive either a metal-on-metal bearing or a metal-on-polyethylene bearing.The primary outcome was elevation of circulating HLA DR+ CD8+ T-cells and correlation with chromium and cobalt concentrations.Results indicated that metal-on-metal THA increased chromium and cobalt concentrations which resulted in a correlation with immunological reactions. This was associated... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
8%
Synopsis: 351 patients with a meniscus tear and knee osteoarthritis (OA) were randomized to either undergo arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) followed by a physical therapy program or physical therapy alone, in order to compare clinical and functional outcomes. Following treatment over a 12 month period, all patients improved similarly in WOMAC physical-function score, KOOS pain score, and SF-36 physical-activity score. Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
8%
Synopsis: This meta-analysis identified 15 randomized control trials which assessed the effects of exercise therapy on pain and patient-reported measures of activity limitations and participation restrictions (PRMALP) in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PPS), when compared to no exercise therapy, receiving additive therapy, or receiving various exercise interventions.A total of 748 patients were assessed throughout the 15 studies, and were evaluated over short- (12 weeks or less) or long-term (26 weeks or more) periods. Results indicated that... Read More »
Level 1 Meta Analysis
4%
Synopsis: 36 patients who were scheduled to undergo primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) were randomized to receive either directed air flow, directed airflow system present but turned off, or control (no device). The results of the study indicated that patients who received directed air flow displayed significantly less bacterial counts in comparison to the two other groups. Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
4%
Synopsis: 62 patients with lateral humeral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) were randomized to either receive treatment with extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) or percutaneous release of common extensor origin to compare conservative and invasive treatment methods. The results following a 12 month follow-up indicated that both groups improved in pain scores and grip strength from baseline measures; although, there were no differences between the ESWT and percutaneous tenotomy treatments. Read More »
Level 2 RCT
4%
Synopsis: 60 patients with knee osteoarthritis were either treated with single injection of hyaluronan (HA) or triamcinolone (TA), to compare the effects of both treatments on gait performance, muscle activity patterns, and clinical outcomes.At a follow-up of 12 weeks after the injection, the HA group demonstrated a significant reduction in pain, and both group demonstrated significant improvement in patient-reported functional measures.Gait analysis and EMG results demonstrated a few, inconsistent significant within-group changes in both groups. Between-group differences for... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
4%
Synopsis: 8 ACE Reports (7 randomized controlled trials and 1 systematic review and meta-analysis, n=694) from the OrthoEvidence database assessing the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections in comparison to control injections (either saline or local anesthesia) for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis were included in this review.The purpose of this review was to determine the impact of corticosteroid injections on pain and physical function in comparison to these control treatments.As such, information and data on platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection efficacy as a treatment was not included from reports.Statistical pooling of VAS pain scores and Quick DASH scores exhibited that corticosteroid injections provided significant pain relief, compared to control injections only in the short-term (6-12 weeks), while having no functional benefits over control injections at any time point within a 6 month period. Similar results were... Read More »
ACE Review
4%
Synopsis: Six randomized control trials involving 460 patients were included in this meta-analysis and systematic review to determine the effectiveness of shock wave therapy on calcific tendinitis of the shoulder.Pain, disability and calcium reabsorption can be improved with shock wave therapy in patients suffering from calcific tendonitis of the shoulder according to the findings of this meta-analysis and systematic review. This study also... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 Meta Analysis
4%
Synopsis: 32 patients, between the ages of 18 and 30 years, who were clinically diagnosed with unilateral patellofemoral pain syndrome through the identification of anterior or retro-patellar knee pain during activity were included in this study.Patients were randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups to compare a Closed Kinetic Chain (CKC) exercise program with additional hip strengthening to a CKC program without additional hip strengthening to investigate their effects on pain and hip abductor/lateral rotator peak torque.Results of the study indicated that 6 week CKC programs without additional hip strengthening exercises have similar effects in improving hip muscle torque in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) as CKC exercises with additional hip strengthening exercises. However, it was... Read More »
Level 2 RCT