Loading...
Visit our Evidence-Based Covid-19 Website and Stay Up to Date with the latest Research.
To focus on specific sub specialties check/uncheck boxes on left
50%
17%
11%
11%
6%
6%
Displaying
100%
44%
Synopsis: 9 studies (7 randomized control trials, 2 non-randomized control trials) comparing a home-based, supervised exercise program (HET) to either a hospital-based, supervised exercise program (SET) or to simple, unsupervised "go home and walk" advice (GHWA) to treat intermittent claudication were included in this systematic review.The purpose of the review was to determine if a home-based exercise program benefited patient walking capacity and quality of life more than the comparative treatments.Qualitative analysis found HET to provide generally better results compared to GHWA.When compared to SET, HET showed somewhat worse results for pain-free walking capacity and health-related quality of life, but better daily life walking capacity. Outcomes were inconsistent... Read More »
Level 2 Meta Analysis
11%
Synopsis: 9 randomized controlled trials were included in this meta-analysis, comparing arthroscopic surgery to conservative management for the treatment of degenerative meniscal tears in patients over the age of 40 years.Outcomes of interest included knee pain and knee function. The results from... Read More »
Level 1 Meta Analysis
5%
Synopsis: 109 patients with traumatic shoulder dislocation were randomized to determine the effect of a shoulder motion restriction band on recurrence rates.Following reduction and immobilization in external rotation for 3 weeks, participants received either 6- or 3-week use of the restriction band, or no band use. Assessments were conducted... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
5%
Synopsis: Eleven randomized controlled trials (n=1053) comparing uncemented and cemented total knee replacements (TKR) were included in this analysis.Due to a large amount of heterogeneity amongst studies, the data was not poolable.Generally speaking, this review found that there was no difference in clinical outcomes between cemented and uncemented TKR at numerous follow-up time points (range 1-10 years). However, this finding... Read More »
Level 1 Meta Analysis
5%
Synopsis: 5 studies, representing 25 tests to diagnose patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), were selected in this meta-analysis/systematic review.To observe the accuracy of clinical and functional tests in determining the presence of PFPS in affected individuals, the tests were evaluated based on sensibility, specificity, positive (LR+) and negative (LR-) likehood ratios, and predictive values.It was observed that the patellar tilt and squatting test indicated a greater trend towards PFPS diagnosis. Furthermore, combination tests... Read More »
Author verified Level 1 Meta Analysis
5%
Synopsis: 24 patients with chronic rotator cuff disorders/tendinopathy were randomized to receive either a self-managed exercise programme, or usual physiotherapy.This pilot study was conducted to evaluate a new research methodology comparing the clinical efficacy between these treatments.The proportion of participants willing to be randomized was excellent, with no complications during the recruitment process. Results indicated excellent... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
5%
Synopsis: 400 patients with humeral shaft fractures who were treated with conservative methods were included in this study and randomized to receive either ibuprofen or acetaminophen to determine their effects on rate of non-unions.Although comparable levels of non-union were found between groups, an association between increasing dosage and duration of treatment with rates of non and delayed union was identified in a subgroup analysis. Clinical outcomes were... Read More »
Conference Report
5%
Synopsis: Seven randomized controlled trials were included in this meta-analysis which compared function on the Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment - Achilles questionnaire (VISA-A) between autologous blood product injection and placebo group (sham injection, no injection, or physiotherapy alone). Pooled results demonstrated no significant differences between ABP groups and placebo groups for VISA-A scores at 4-6 weeks, 12 weeks, 24 weeks, or 48 weeks. Read More »
Author verified Level 1 Meta Analysis
5%
Synopsis: 4 out of 20 studies from this study were included in the network meta-analysis comparing radial head arthroplasty (RHA), open reduction and internal fixation with a biodegradable implant (ORIF-B), and ORIF with a metal implant (ORIF-M) for the treatment of displaced radial head fractures (RHF).The outcomes of interest included the odds of complications and of a 'good' or 'excellent' Broberg-Morrey score.The results from this study found favourable odds of both complications and of a 'good' or 'excellent' Broberg-Morrey score in the RHA group compared to both the ORIF-B and ORIF-M groups. The ORIF-B group... Read More »
Level 2 Meta Analysis
5%
Synopsis: 29 studies were included in this meta-analysis comparing operative and non-operative treatment for acute Achilles tendon ruptures.The primary outcome of interest was the rate of re-rupture.Secondary outcomes included the rate of complications, functional outcomes, time to return to sports and time to return to work.The results revealed a significantly lower rate of re-rupture, but a higher rate of complications, in the operative group compared to the non-operative group.Similar findings to the primary analyses were observed in the sensitivity analyses based on early and late weight bearing status, high quality studies and studies conducted after the year 2000.There were no significant differences in re-rupture rate in studies utilizing accelerated functional rehabilitation. There was no... Read More »
Level 1 Meta Analysis
  • «
  • 1
  • »