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You are viewing the most viewed ACE Reports by Physiotherapists over the last 30 days in all specialties.

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Synopsis: 50 patients with gluteal tendinopathy and trochanteric pain syndrome were randomized to three weekly sessions of focused extracorporeal shockwave therapy (f-ESWT) or ten daily sessions of therapeutic ultrasound (UST).Patients were assessed for pain and functional outcome at 2-month follow-up and 6-month follow-up.Numeric rating scale (NRS) for pain was significantly lower in the f-ESWT group compared to the UST group at 2 months and 6 months. Outcome on the... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
3%
Synopsis: 30 patients with chronic ankle instability were randomized to either a session of Maitland grade III mobilizations or to no intervention.Patients were assessed pre- and post-test for ankle range of motion in dorsiflexion, outcome on the Star Excursion Balance Test, spinal reflex excitability of the fibularis longus and soleus muscles, and corticospinal excitability of the fibularis longus and soleus muscles. Results demonstrated a... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
3%
Synopsis: 84 patients with frozen shoulder were randomized to perform a self-exercise program delivered conventionally or with the aid of a smartphone application.The primary outcome of interest was pain, measured on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS).Secondary outcomes included range of motion (in forward flexion, abduction, internal rotation, external rotation).Usability questionnaires (TAM-2; USE) were administered to determine the feasibility of the application.The results from the trial found no significant differences between the two groups in VAS pain scores nor range of motion in all measured directions. The usability questionnaires... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
3%
Synopsis: 80 nursing professionals (aged 20 to 40 years) who were diagnosed with chronic low back pain (pain for 3 or more months) were randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups to determine if myofascial release effectively reduces chronic low back pain.Patients received either a direct myofascial release (MFR) treatment or a sham treatment.The results of the study indicated that patients in the MFR group experienced significantly better results in the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) for pain and Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale (QBPDS) score for functional disability than the sham group at 8 and 12 week follow up.The proportion of participants responding to treatment (ie.at least a 50% reduction in pain from week 1 to 8) was 73% in the MFR group and 0% in the control. No patient within... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
3%
Synopsis: 301 patients with knee osteoarthritis were randomized to ten sessions over 2 weeks of either high intensity electroacupuncture, low intensity electroacupuncture, or sham electroacupuncture.Patients were assessed for response to therapy based on pain scores and functional scores after 1 and 2 weeks of treatment.Effects on pain scores, including visual analog scale and numeric rating scale, were significantly greater in patients who received active electroacupuncture compared to sham, with effect after 2 weeks greater in those who received high intensity electroacupuncture. Within the first... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
2%
Synopsis: 60 patients with non-acute lower back pain were randomized to receive Chuna manual therapy (CMT), usual care, or CMT plus usual care for the relief of lower back pain, and improvement of function and quality of life.The primary outcome of interest was lower back pain levels on a numerical rating scale (NRS).Noted secondary outcome measures included leg pain on an NRS and the Oswestry Disability Index, as well as lumbar range of motion in flexion.For the primary outcome, significant differences between groups were noted in both mean values and improvement in NRS back pain score at 6 weeks, both of which favoured the CMT alone group. NRS leg pain... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
2%
Synopsis: 42 patients with complete anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears were randomized to receive an ACL reconstruction with either a quadrupled hamstring tendon (QHT) graft (semitendinosus and gracilis tendon) or a bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) graft.Outcomes of interest included functional outcomes measures (Lysholm, Cincinnati scores), anterior knee pain, and instability assessments (Lachman, anterior drawer and pivot shift tests).Follow up was performed at 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year.No significant differences were observed in both Lysholm and Cincinnati scores at 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year post-operation.However, significant differences in several Cincinnati sub-scores (pain, overall activity level, running activity) were observed between the two groups.The proportion of patients who reported anterior knee pain was similar between the two groups.Similarly, the proportion of patient who reported altered sensation over the anterolateral aspect of the proximal leg was not significantly different between groups. Lachman test, anterior... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
2%
Synopsis: 5 randomized controlled trials were included in this meta-analysis to compare arthroscopic partial meniscectomy to conservative treatment for the management of nonobstructive meniscal tears.Data from included studies was pooled for physical function outcomes, pain, and activity level over multiple time points up to 24-month follow-up.The results from this meta-analysis demonstrated small but significant differences in physical function and pain at 6 months, but no differences at 12 and 24 months. It is unlikely... Read More »
Author verified Level 1 Meta Analysis
2%
Synopsis: 24 patients with chronic ankle instability were randomized to a 4-week program of balance training with and without the addition of Sensory-Targeted Ankle Rehabilitation Strategies (STARS).Outcomes included the Foot and Ankle Measure (FAAM and FAAM-sport subscale), the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), and center-of-pressure time-to-boundary minima data in the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral directions with eyes open and eyes closed curing single-limb stance on a force plate. Between-group effect size... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
2%
Synopsis: 112 patients with trigger finger were randomized to percutaneous release of the A1 pulley with or without the addition of a steroid injection.Patients were assessed after 3 weeks and 3 months for outcome on a patient global impression of improvement scale, modified Quinnell grade, and pain on a visual analog scale. Results demonstrated significantly... Read More »
Level 2 RCT