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You are viewing the most viewed ACE Reports by Physiotherapists over the last 30 days in all specialties.

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Synopsis: 108 patients with knee osteoarthritis were randomized to application of either a neoprene knee brace with a patellar hole, or a neoprene knee brace without a patellar hole.Participants were first assessed for pain and functional performance measures prior to application of the brace.Then, following application of the brace, the participants were assessed on the outcome measures again.Results reported significant within-group improvement in each VAS pain scores, TUG test times, and 8-meter walk test times in both groups. Statistical analyses on... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
7%
Synopsis: 36 randomized controlled trials were included in his meta-analysis which examined the use of platelet rich plasma (PRP) versus varying control interventions for various soft-tissue orthopaedic injuries and conditions, predominantly elbow tendinopathy and plantar fasciitis.Pooled results among patients with elbow tendinopathy demonstrated a lack of significant difference in pain or functional measures between PRP and control groups at 3 months, but significant differences in favour of PRP groups at 6 months.In patients with plantar fasciitis, pooled results demonstrated a lack of significant difference in pain scores between PRP and control at 3 months, while 6-month results significantly favoured PRP groups.When outcome on the AOFAS functional score were considered, pooled results significantly favoured PRP groups at 3 and 6 months. When effects were... Read More »
Level 1 Meta Analysis
6%
Synopsis: 50 patients with chronic, nonspecific neck pain were randomized to an 8-week exercise program of either craniocervical flexion exercises or isometric neck exercises.Patients were assessed at 4 and 8 weeks after enrollment for outcomes of pain on a visual analog scale (VAS), the Neck Disability Index, and cervical range of motion in flexion-extension, lateral flexion, and rotation.Results demonstrated significant within-group improvement after 4 and 8 weeks in both groups for all of the above measures. The group treated... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
4%
Synopsis: 40 patients with plantar heel pain and previously failed response to conservative treatment were randomized to a proximal medial gastrocnemius recession procedure followed by stretching exercise or to stretching exercise only.The primary outcome of interest was the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle hindfoot score at 12 months.Secondary outcomes included the AOFAS score at 3 months, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain score, Short Form 36 (SF-36) health survey, and Achilles performance test.Results demonstrated significantly better AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score and VAS pain score at 3 and 12 month, as well as SF-36 scores at 12 months, among the group who underwent proximal medial gastrocnemius recession procedure when compared patients allocated to stretching alone. Achilles performance test... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
2%
Synopsis: 321 patients with a nonobstructive mensical tear were randomized to either an 8-week physical therapy program or to arthroscopic partial meniscectomy.The primary purpose of this study was to determine if the PT group was noninferior to the APM for outcome on the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective score at a noninferiority margin of 8pts. When analyzed in... Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
2%
Synopsis: 40 male patients with anterior knee pain were randomized to a single session of low load resistance training with or without concomitant blood flow restriction intervention.Patients were assessed for change in pain during three functional test from pre-intervention to post-intervention.The functional tests including a shallow single leg squat test, a deep single leg squat test, and a step down test. Results demonstrated significant... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
2%
Synopsis: 42 patients with Kellgren-Lawrence grade II-III knee osteoarthritis were randomized to an 8 week protocol of either traditional Chinese acupuncture or sham acupuncture.Patients attended 20-minute treatment sessions, three times per week for the 8 weeks.Patients were primarily assessed for rate of treatment response, based on a reduction of at least 36 points in the sum of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) Pain and Function scales.Secondary outcomes included mean scores for pain, function, and quality-of-life measures after 8 weeks, 16 weeks, and 26 weeks. Results demonstrated no... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 120 patients with full thickness rotator cuff tears were randomized to receive either 3 weeks of post-surgery immobilization in a sling, or 6 weeks of immobilization in a brace (with an abduction pillow placing the arm in a neutral position).Follow-up was performed at the 6 week time-point, as well as at 3, 6 and 12 months post-surgery.Outcomes reported included the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff (WORC) index, Constant Murley (CM) score, range of movement (ROM), as well as MRI results and patient-reported satisfaction.Sling immobilization for a period of 3 weeks was found to be a non-inferior treatment compared to brace immobilization for a period of 6 weeks, according to primary outcome of WORC index at 12 months. Additionally, patient reported... Read More »
Level 1 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 38 patients with sub-acute non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) were randomized to receive 7 weeks of either Core Stabilization Exercise (CSE) therapy or 7 weeks of standard therapy (ultrasound and thermal treatment).Outcomes measured included lumbar joint repositioning error, pain intensity, and functional disability.The results demonstrated that CSE therapy was associated with significantly less lumbar joint repositioning error compared to the control group after 7 weeks of intervention, and 4 weeks after the cessation of treatment. Moreover, pain intensity... Read More »
Level 2 RCT
1%
Synopsis: 50 patients with a Weber type B or C unstable ankle fracture and requiring partial weight bearing following fixation were randomized to physical therapy with or without the addition of an active controlled motion device during rehabilitation.Patients were assessed for function scores over the first 12 weeks after surgery and time to return to work. Results demonstrated significantly... Read More »
Level 2 RCT