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Vol:143 Issue:1 Number:1 ISSN#:2564-2537
ACE Report #14132
Ace Report Cover Pediatric Orthopaedics

Effectiveness of Hospital Clowns for Symptom Management in Paediatrics

How to Cite

OrthoEvidence. Effectiveness of Hospital Clowns for Symptom Management in Paediatrics. ACE Report. 2000;143(1):1. Available from:

Study Type:Therapy
OE Level Evidence:3
Journal Level of Evidence:3

Effectiveness of hospital clowns for symptom management in paediatrics: systematic review of randomised and non-randomised controlled trials

BMJ. 2020 Dec 16;371: m4290.

Contributing Authors:
LC Lopes-Junior E Bomfim K Olson E Tatsch DSC Silveira MD Rodrigues Nunes LC Nascimento G Pereira-da-Silva RA Garcia Lima

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1612 children and adolescents admitted to hospital for acute or chronic condition, across 24 randomized and non-randomized controlled trials, were included in this systematic review assessing the effectiveness of hospital clowns for symptom management vs. standard of care. Hospital clowns were found to significantly reduce anxiety, stress, and fatigue whilst improving pain and psychological adjust...

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