Showing 13 - 24 of 232 reports matching: General Orthopaedics
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Synopsis: 15 randomized controlled trials comparing electrical stimulation to sham treatment in adults with a fresh fracture, nonunion, delayed union, osteotomy, or symptomatic spinal instability requiring fusion were included. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to quantitatively assess the efficacy of bone stimulation in terms of pain relief, functional improvements, and radiographic nonunion. The results indicated Read More »
Author verified Level 1 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 120 patients scheduled to undergo elective orthopaedic surgery were randomized to receive either 0.5 mg/kg ketamine with 0.25 mg/kg/h of continuous ketamine infusion for 30 minutes, or 0.5 mg/kh 0.9% saline with 0.25 mg/kg/h of continuous saline infusion for 30 minutes. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of intraoperative ketamine administration on patients' postoperative depressive mood using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Serum brain-derived neurotrophic Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 245 patients with arthritis were randomized to undergo online self-management by utilizing the arthritis module in painACTION or were assigned to a waitlist control group. The purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of the arthritis module in improving cognition, pain, the frequency of self-management behaviors, and self-efficacy. Findings indicated that Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 120 patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis were randomized to receive injections of either autologous conditioned plasma (ACP) or betamethasone. The purpose of this trial was to compare scores of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire and pain levels post injection to determine if ACP provided clinical benefits in comparison to steroid injections. The results of Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 96 adults aged 65+ who were diagnosed with osteoporosis and displayed an increased fear of falling were randomized to receive either balance training (BT) alone, in combination with physical activity (PA), or were placed in a control group for a period of 12 weeks. The primary aim of this randomized control trial (RCT) was to determine whether the interventions improved fall-related self-efficacy outcomes in addition to other risk factors contributing to the risk of falling. It was found Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 55 patients with knee cartilage injuries were randomized to either undergo autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) with the use of the Cartipatch scaffold (solid agarose-alginate) or osteochondral transfer through mosaicplasty with an autograft. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes between ACI with the Cartipatch scaffold as assessed by subjective International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores. Findings indicated greater Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 308 patients from spine, upper extremity, and trauma orthopaedic clinics were recruited to compare electronic-based and paper-based administration of validated orthopaedic patient-reported outcome measures (PSS, FFI, ODI, SF-36) in terms of compliance and patient satisfaction. All outcome measures Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 1635 sedentary adults between the ages of 70 and 89 were randomized to undergo either a moderate-intensity physical activity protocol or a health education program. This study was a continuation of the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) study which reported a significant reduction in mobility disability with the exercise program. The current study Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 111 individuals with tight hamstrings were randomized to one of three treatment protocols: a stretching program that focused the hip joint, a stretching program that focused on the knee joint, or to a control group that did not participate in stretching. This study was conducted in order to determine whether the location at which the stretches were performed influenced improvement in range of motion after the 8-week program. Findings indicated that Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 13 trials (10 randomized controlled trials (RCT) and 3 observational studies) with a total of 1255 patients were analysed to evaluate the current evidence on the clinical effectiveness of sutures compared to staples in skin closure technique following orthopaedic surgery. The purpose of this meta-analysis and systematic review was to determine whether an optimal skin closure technique exists, by means of measuring various clinical outcomes such as incidence of surgical site infection, closure time, inflammation, pain, and wound dehiscence. Results indicated that Read More »
Author verified Level 2 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 7 studies (6 RCTs and 1 CCT) that included a total of 314 patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) were included in this meta-analysis and systematic review. The purpose of this review was to elucidate the efficacy of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) injections in the treatment of knee OA by evaluating its effect on pain and function outcomes. While the findings Read More »
Level 3 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 60 patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscectomy were randomized to receive one of three analgesic treatments following surgery: intraarticular (IA) levobupivacaine and intravenous (IV) dexketoprofen trometamol, IA saline and IV dexketoprofen, or IA levobupivacaine and IV saline. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the combination of the two interventions on pain and analgesic consumption up to 24 hours following surgery. The results suggested Read More »
Level 2 RCT