Showing 13 - 24 of 4355 reports matching:
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Synopsis: 37 patients, over the age of 65 years, with a femoral neck fracture who were scheduled for operative fixation, were randomized to a preoperative IV dose of either dexamethasone 0.1mh/kg or placebo. The purpose of this study was to determine if preoperative dexamethasone led to a significant reduction in pain and opioid consumption over the first 3 days and 1 week after surgery. Scores for pain Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 50 women with osteoporosis were randomized to weekly alendronate plus daily eldecalcitol, or weekly alendronate alone. The purpose of this study was to assess muscle strength and balance after 6 months of treatment in both groups. The within-group evaluation Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 56 patients with unilateral distal radius fracture were randomized to fixation using volar locking plates or to control treatment with either closed reduction and casting for 6 weeks, K-wire fixation and casting for 6 weeks, or external fixation, with/without supplemental K-wires. Control intervention was left to the discretion of the treating physician. Results at 3 Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 21 patients scheduled for bilateral total knee arthroplasty had one knee randomized to postoperative management with negative pressure wound therapy, while the other knee was managed with conventional dry dressings. The purpose of this study was to compare cost, the incidence of complications, and measures of quality of life between dressing strategies within 10-12 day follow-up. Results demonstrated significantly Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 814 patients scheduled for surgical fixation of open or closed fractures of the ankle or foot were randomized to 14-day thromboprophylaxis with subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin, or to placebo with subcutaneous saline. The purpose of this study was to determine if routine low molecular weight heparin significantly reduced the incidence of venous thromboembolic (VTE) complications. Results demonstrated an Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 553 leisure-time runners were randomized to three groups that differed only in the heel-to-toe drop (10mm, 6mm, or 0mm) of their running shoes. The investigators measured the risk of injury over 6 months. Overall, there were Read More »
Author verified Level 1 RCT
Synopsis: 22 randomized controlled trials were included in this network meta-analysis, that included over 10 injectable treatments, to evaluate comparative efficacy for the management of plantar faciopathy. The primary outcome of this study was pain relief. At 0-2 month Read More »
Level 1 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 48 patients scheduled for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty were randomized to either cementless or cemented fixation. Patients were assessed for component migration over 5-year follow-up using radiostereometric analysis. Results at 1-year Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 72 patients undergoing anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) were included in this study to determine the effects of different steroid treatments on postoperative dysphagia and dysphonia. Patients were randomized to three groups: a control group receiving no steroid, an intravenous (IV) steroid group receiving 10mg of dexamethasone intraoperatively, or a local steroid group receiving 40mg of triamcinolone in the retropharyngeal space directly on the cervical plate. At 2 weeks, Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 112 patients scheduled for arthroscopic management of a lesion of the long head of biceps brachii tendon were randomized to undergo either tenodesis or tenotomy. Follow-up was planned for 24 months postoperative, and outcomes reported included the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Score and cosmetic outcome. Based on available Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 573 patients included a randomized trial to compare two methods of surgical fixation for femoral neck fractures in the elderly were also included in this observational study to determine the proportion of patients taking vitamin D supplementation and its effects on physical function and reoperation rate. Patients were categorized into 3 cohorts; non-users (did not take vitamin D supplementation), inconsistent vitamin D supplementation users (1-2 visits), and consistent vitamin D supplementation users (3-4 visits). Results indicated that Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 240 patients undergoing intramedullary nail fixation of stable intertrochanteric femoral fractures were randomized to three groups; static locking, dynamic locking, or no locking. Patients were assessed for intraoperative outcomes, and clinical outcome measure over 12-month follow-up. Patients in the Read More »
Conference Report