Showing 397 - 405 of 405 reports matching: Shoulder & Elbow
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Synopsis: 50 patients with humeral shaft fractures were randomized to undergo either antegrade intramedullary nailing (IMN) or open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). The results of this study indicated that patients who underwent IMN had significantly reduced functional and range of motion scores in comparison to patients who underwent ORIF. Additionally, it was Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 68 patients with proximal humerus fractures were randomized to receive either a locking plate with medial support screws or locking plate without medial support screws. The results of the study at 30 month follow up indicated that patients who received the additional medial support screws displayed significantly better shoulder recovery and significantly lower failure rates. It was also Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 112 patients presenting to their general practitioners with symptoms of a painful arc of less than 6 month duration were randomized to 4 groups receiving either physiotherapy, a course of subacromial steroid injections, combination of physiotherapy and steroid injections, or no intervention. No significant clinical Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 60 shoulders with diagnosed impingement syndrome, were randomized to receive a subacromial injection of a mix of corticosteroids, local anesthetic, and contrast dye either of the 3 anatomical locations: anterolateral, lateral or posterior. The overall accuracy of subacromial injections was 70%, with no difference between the anterolateral, posterior, or lateral portals. Accuracy was not Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 76 patients, over 21 years of age, scheduled for arthroscopic subacromial decompression with or without arthroscopic rotator cuff repair were randomized into 4 treatment groups receiving either an intra-scalene block, or infusion pump, or a combination, or an intra-scalene block with a placebo infusion pump. The inter-scalene regional block provided superior immediate post-operative pain relief than infusion pumps after arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Infusion pumps alone Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 63 patients, over the age of 50, suffering from both rotator cuff injuries and type II SLAP lesions were randomized to undergo repair of both injuries or only the rotator cuff repair. Results, following a Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: This systematic review identified 14 trials (6 randomized controlled trials, 7 controlled clinical trials) that compared the clinical outcomes of operative and non-operative treatment of clavicle fractures in adults. The majority of identified trials focused on the treatment of middle-third clavicle fractures, with one controlled clinical trial assessing treatment outcomes in lateral clavicle fractures. The results from Read More »
Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 140 patients suffering from stage two shoulder impingement were randomized to receive arthroscopic acromioplasty in combination with an exercise program or receive just an exercise program. This trial assessed the efficacy of arthroscopic acromioplasty for the treatment of shoulder impingement. The results from Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 59 patients diagnosed with the condition lateral epicondylitis (LE), were randomised into three groups to undergo either physical therapy, a single corticosteroid injection, or extracorporeal shock wave treatment (ESWT), to determine which technique was the most effective in treating LE. Following assessments measured over 6 months, results displayed that all three methods used for LE treatment had positive outcomes regarding reduction in pain and an increase in grip strength in early stages. However, there were Read More »
Level 2 RCT