Showing 13 - 24 of 143 reports matching:
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Synopsis: 37 individuals with mild-to-moderate knee osteoarthritis were randomized to determine the effect of group-based cycling. Participants were allocated to either 12 weeks of stationary cycling, or to a control group where they were encouraged to continue physical activity as normal. Outcomes of interest Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 64 postmenopausal, osteopenic women were randomly assigned to receive capsular olive-leaf extract or placebo once daily for 12 months, with the intention of investigating the effect of olive leaf extract on bone turnover. Outcomes of interest included bone turnover markers, bone mineral density measurements, and blood lipid profiles. Results found that Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: Data from 7 randomized controlled trials examining 381 patients after a distal radial fracture was analyzed to determine the efficacy of rehabilitation at the clinic or at home. The evidence presented in this systematic review indicated that patients who had suffered a distal radius fracture benefited equally from treatment in the form of a home program, or supervised clinical therapy. The authors made Read More »
Author verified Level 1 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 100 patients diagnosed with a frozen shoulder were randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups to determine the additive effect a countertraction device had on conventional physiotherapy. Participants received an intervention that consisted of countertraction intervention and physiotherapy (group 1) or physiotherapy alone (group 2). Results from the Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 400 patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain were included in this study to identify if there was a dose dependent effect of spinal manipulation in this patient population. Patients were randomized to groups receiving 18, 12, 6 or 0 sessions of spinal manipulation from a chiropractor. Session occurred 3 Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: Seven randomized controlled trials were included in this study investigating the difference in outcome between arthroscopic surgery and nonoperative treatment in patients with degenerative meniscal tears and mild if any concurrent knee osteoarthritis. Patient-related outcome measures of function and pain were pooled at short-term (<6 months) and long-term (<24 months). Results of the Read More »
Author verified Level 1 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 424 patients with a calcaneal fracture were randomized to operative or nonoperative management. Operative care involved a lateral approach and rigid internal fixation, and nonoperative care was treatment only with ice, elevation, and rest. Patients were assessed Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 245 children with presumed diagnosis of radial-head subluxation were treated by either triage nurses or physicians in the emergency department in this cluster-randomized controlled trail, based on day of presentation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether nurse-initiated treatment was inferior to physician-initiated treatment with respect to the success rate of reduction. Results indicated that Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: Fifteen randomized controlled trials and prospective comparative studies were included in this meta-analysis which compared knee kinematics and graft failure rates between anatomic single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction. Pooled estimates of knee laxity (side-to-side difference in AP laxity measured by KT-1000 and antero-posterior laxity measured by navigation) demonstrated significantly better outcome with anatomic double-bundle reconstruction, although no significant differences were found in pivot-shift, Lachman, and anterior drawer tests. Rate of graft Read More »
Author verified Level 2 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 416 male youth football (soccer) players in Africa were randomized to evaluate the injury-prevention efficacy of the FIFA11+ programme, when compared against routine training over 6 months. Players were evaluated primarily based on time-loss injury to players, injuries by type of exposure (match or training) and all injuries to lower extremities (LE), along with further injury analysis. The evidence presented Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 190 patients undergoing an orthopedic procedure requiring a wound closure greater than 2cm in length, were randomized to determine a superior method of closure between sutures and staples, in terms of minimizing wound complications over 6 weeks. The evidence presented in this study demonstrates that 42% of all patients reported a wound complication with similar rates between suturing and stapling. Suturing skin required Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: This systematic review/ meta-analysis comprised of 5 studies (471 patients) which compared the recurrence rates of first-time, traumatic shoulder dislocation following shoulder immobilization in internal rotation versus external rotation. Pooling of results Read More »
Author verified Level 2 Meta Analysis