Showing 1 - 12 of 92 reports matching: AAOS 2016
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Synopsis: 60 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were randomized to receive either both intravenous (IV) and intra-articular (IA) tranexamic acid administration, or intravenous administration alone. The study was conducted in order to determine whether the addition of IA TXA to IV TXA was associated with a significant reduction in total blood loss. Findings indicated that Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 202 patients with advanced stage hallux rigidus were randomized to one of two treatments: synthetic hydrogel cartilage implant or standard first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) arthrodesis (joint fusion). The purpose of this study was to evaluate pain and function (active dorsiflexion motion) in comparison to one another, in addition to recording adverse events and requirement of secondary surgeries. Results demonstrated that Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 129 patients scheduled for biceps tenodesis were randomized to either an arthroscopic proximal approach or open subpectoral approach. The purpose of this study was to compared pain, function, and complications between the two groups. Follow-up was performed Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 72 patients who had undergone unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were randomized to either 0.15mg/kg of intravenous dexamethasone, or normal saline preoperatively. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an intermediate dose of dexamethasone to mitigate postoperative pain and symptoms. Findings indicated significant Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 50 patients with rotator cuff tear and concomitant long head of the biceps (LHB) tendinopathy were randomized to arthroscopic tenodesis either with or without release of the transverse humeral ligament. The purpose of this study was to compare visual analog scale pain score, Constant score, and LHB score between the two groups over 24 months follow-up. Findings indicated significantly Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 40 patients with large or recurrent osteochondral lesions of the talar dome (OLT) were randomized to receive treatment with either osteochondral allograft or autograft plugs. The purpose of this study was to determine if either graft procedure was associated with significantly improved pain, function, and radiographic measures when assessed after final follow-up. Results demonstrated no Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 20 randomized controlled trials investigating the use of patient-specific instrumentation versus conventional instrumentation in total knee arthroplasty were included in this meta-analysis. Pooled results demonstrated a significantly higher incidence of tibial malalignment (outlier exceeding 3 degrees deviation from the planned alignment) in the coronal plane compared to conventional instrumentation. No significant differences Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 36 patients with periprosthetic joint infection following a primary total hip arthroplasty were randomized to undergo a two-stage exchange with either an articulating or static interim antibiotic spacer. The purpose of the study was to compare these two spacers in terms of operative time, blood loss, blood transfusion requirements, and the length of hospital stay. During the first Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 60 patients scheduled for total hip arthoplasty were randomized to a postoperative pain-control regimen with or without a preoperative lumbar plexus block (LPB). The purpose of this study was to determine if a preoperative LPB was associated with significantly decreased patient-reported pain scores and opioid consumption after 48 hours in postoperative care. Results demonstrated that Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 120 patients undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty were randomized to receive either intravenous or oral administration of acetaminophen as part of their postoperative multimodal analgesic regimen. The purpose of this study was to compare the two routes of administration in terms of narcotic use and pain in the initial 24 postoperative hours. The results displayed Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 235 patients who underwent cemented total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were randomized to receive either a polyethylene fixed-bearing, metal-backed fixed-bearing, or a mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to compare fixed and mobile-bearing TKAs in terms of durability, range of motion, and function over a long-term, 10-year, follow-up. The results displayed Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 15 routine patients who developed flexion contracture following total knee arthroplasty were included in this study. Patients were randomized to receive injections of either Botulinum toxin A (Botox) or saline in order to determine the efficacy of Botox in treating flexion contractures in this setting. The study found Read More »
Conference Report